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References, reading and resources page:



If you've just dropped into this page and don't know why it's here or what it's for, then you might want to read the following.  As the title of this page suggests it contains further reading and references for the posts I've written on this blog site.  I thought it would be nice to collect the references in a single location.  The first table is a list of the articles and posts, which the references refer to.

  • If you linked in from one of my posts you should've gone automatically to the correct table location, holding the references for that specific article or post.  If you clicked on the "References" heading in the menu headings, then you would be at the top reading this as expected. 


If you take a look at the first table below you'll find a fast link to either the original post or a link which will allow you to jump to the relevant table on this page, referencing any particular post. Alternatively just scroll to the desired table location in this page.



List of articles to reference in this web page




Post tiltle

The imminent rise of the AFDD in UK wiring regulations

Lies Statistics and value of nothing

Why can't my DVM read the voltage of my electronic transformer?

The cost of progress - 10 steps to calculate a brighter future.

Markings and Symbols on transformers and electronic transformers

Electronic transformers and low voltage LEDs?

Circuit analysis of typical electronic transformer

Transformer, Electronic Transformer and Switch Mode Power Supply differences

What do fuses protect?

Why doesn't the UK use AFCI's?

What is an MCB, AFCI and GFCI?

Finding a Neutral to Earth fault.

The pain of a Neutral to Earth fault.

What are ELCB, RCCB, RCBO and RCD's?

Power Factor

Efficiency Vs Efficacy

Halogen

Genesis of incandescent filament and halogen bulbs

Technical lighting terms

Generally useful links




From Post: Template Post title



ref name http://cycloflow.com
ref name http://cycloflow.com






From Post: The imminent rise of the AFDD in UK wiring regulations



ref name http://cycloflow.com
Siemens AFDD brochure https://w3.siemens.com/powerdistribution/global/SiteCollectionDocuments/dokumente-de/afd-units-flyer.pdf
Eaton European AFDD documentation http://www.eaton.eu/Europe/Electrical/ProductsServices/CircuitProtection/ArcFaultDetectionDevice-AFDD/PCT_2854611#tabs-4
Eaton Brochure
http://www.eaton.eu/ecm/idcplg?IdcService=GET_FILE&allowInterrupt=1&RevisionSelectionMethod=LatestReleased&noSaveAs=0&Rendition=Primary&dDocName=PCT_2856519&usg=AFQjCNHXnbw4LTYvB9078zmV84kTjUkXpA
Siemens 5SM6 AFD units https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uAorINs1DAM
Eaton EU AFDD brochure https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UtOmau4ym1Q
Western Automation AFDD demonstration https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QiUxs87p09g
rccb 100ma fire protection ref http://www.doepke.co.uk/download/Techpub-08.pdf
info on bs 1362 fuse characteristics http://wiki.diyfaq.org.uk/index.php?title=Fuse
info on MCB breaking characteristics http://wiki.diyfaq.org.uk/index.php/MCB
Schneider Electrics blog on (AFDD) http://blog.schneider-electric.com/power-management-metering-monitoring-power-quality/2013/07/03/do-you-know-an-arc-fault-detection-device-afdd-can-prevent-from-an-electrical-fire/
Shcneider Electric's AFDD discussion http://www.electrical-installation.org/enwiki/Arc_Fault_Detection_Devices_(AFDD)
BEAMA guide to AFDDs http://www.beama.org.uk/resourceLibrary/beama-guide-to-arc-fault-detection-devices--afdd--pdf.html
OEZ's Application manual AFDD http://www.oez.com/uploads/oez/files/ks/afdd-mi02-2017_en_de_es_hu_pl_ro.pdf
ref name http://cycloflow.com
ref name http://cycloflow.com

From Post: Lies Statistics and value of nothing



Misuse of statistics

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Misuse_of_statistics

Podcasts

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02nrss1/episodes/downloads.rss

From Post: Why can't my DVM read the voltage of my electronic transformer?



Bad readings explained

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kabbbRL3NCM

From Post: The cost of progress - 10 steps to calculate a brighter future.



No ref as yet

http://cycloflow.com

From Post: Markings and Symbols on transformers and electronic transformers



Chinese document explanation rules and marking requirements of EC

http://www.docin.com/p-696599037.html

Chinese document containing transformer symbols

http://www.cali-light.com/b2b/down/show-htm-itemid-292.html

VDE certification marks

http://www.vde.com/tic-en/marks-and-zertificates/certification-marks-and-attestations
Italian document with description of some legends

http://www.gitronica.com/eng/prod_detail.asp?ID=8

European certification marks

http://www.tuv.com/en/usainformationcenter/informationcenter/
testmarkcatalog/certificationsineurope/certificationsineurope.html

TUV rheinland safety certification

http://www.tuv.com/en/usainformationcenter/informationcenter/
testmarkcatalog/productsafety/testmarksproductsafety.html
Verify TUV Rheinland certification database

http://www.certipedia.com/?locale=en

Verify VDE approved products

http://www2.vde.com/en/institute/onlineservice/vde-approved-products/pages/online-search.aspx
Various international standard marks

http://www.mstransformers-india.com/?page=services

Various legends and standards

http://www.schurter.com/Components/
Circuit-Protection/Fuses-Fuseholders/General-Product-Information (open "general product information" then  "product standards" in next menu)
German document with various legends

(dead link no alternative) http://www.bgbau-medien.de/zh/z228/titel.htm?gesamt=1

More symbols

http://www.technologystudent.com/despro2/drink7.htm

Transformer symbols

https://www.accesscomms.com.au/reference/polarity.htm

Explanation of the IP codes

http://www.dsmt.com/resources/ip-rating-chart

Transformer symbols (Italian)

http://www.gitronica.com/eng/prod_detail.asp?ID=8

List of Electrical class classification

(dead link no alternative) http://www.electrical-health.co.uk/?page_id=123

BS EN 61347-1:2008 http://dongdu.xmciq.gov.cn/ztlm/ckdjsfq/
xzzq/201312/P020131213573149523012.pdf
Graphical symbols for use on equipment. http://bbs.dianyuan.com/bbs/u/39/1143429683.pdf
Independent lighting auxiliary https://www.iso.org/obp/ui#iec:grs:60417:5138
List of Graphical symbols https://www.iso.org/obp/ui#iso:pub:PUB400008:en
Graphical symbols for use on equipment. http://sc3c.iec.ch/ap60417/TC96gif.html

From Post: Electronic transformers and low voltage LEDs?



Stabilising network for electronic transformer driven led devices (2012) http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US20120056608?
Varilight transformers including YT50L http://www.varilight.co.uk/lighting/transformers.html

From Post: Circuit analysis of typical electronic transformer



Circuit for operating low-voltage lamps

(1986) http://www.google.co.uk/patents/EP0264765A2

Wikipedia H-Bridge

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H_bridge

H - bridge

http://www.modularcircuits.com/blog/articles/old-h-bridge-secrets/part-1/

Bridge-type transistor converter

(1960) http://www.google.com/patents/US3080534

Electrical inverter circuit

(1956) http://www.google.com/patents/US2946022

Oscillator

(1956) http://www.google.com/patents/US2774878

Application note on 12v electronic transformer

http://www.st.com/web/en/resource/technical/document/application_note/CD00003902.pdf

From Post: Transformer, Electronic Transformer and Switch Mode Power Supply differences



How transformers work

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjwzpoCiF8A

Transformers a few basics

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eZVpufRn3ao

Transistor converter power supply system

(1959) http://www.google.com/patents/US3040271

Dimmable electronic transformer circuit

(1987) http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US4862041

How dimmers work

http://www.ilight.co.uk/downloads/iLIGHT%20Binder-HowDimmers.pdf
Using an ignition coil

http://www.sentex.net/~mwandel/cannon/sparky.html

Ignition coil

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ignition_system

Switched-mode power supply

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Switched-mode_power_supply

Switched mode power supply

(1976) http://www.google.com/patents/US4097773

SMPS Buck converter

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buck_converter

Apple and computer SMPS

http://www.righto.com/2012/02/apple-didnt-revolutionize-power.html
Magnetic transformers overview

http://electricianeducation.com/theory/electric_transformers.htm

From Post: What do fuses protect?



Wikipedia Fuse

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuse_(electrical)

Derating

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derating

Derating factors

https://www.tlc-direct.co.uk/Book/4.3.6.htm

Ambient temperature factors

https://www.tlc-direct.co.uk/Book/4.3.4.htm

From Post: Why doesn't the UK use AFCI's?



AFCI/GFCI indepth manufacturer's lecture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ngQ3I7mS7o8

Ring main

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ring_circuit

AFCI and RF problems

http://www.arrl.org/news/arrl-helps-manufacturer-to-resolve-arc-fault-circuit-interrupter-rfi-problems

From Post: What is an MCB, AFCI and GFCI?



Arc-fault circuit interrupter

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arc-fault_circuit_interrupter

Operation of MCB

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nYm6bYYjdBo

low-voltage current limiting circuit breakers

http://www.maths-in-industry.org/miis/300/1/arc.pdf

How MCB works

http://www.engineersgarage.com/insight/how-mcb-works?page=1

MCB arc divider

http://www.engineersgarage.com/insight/how-mcb-works?page=10

Pat. Electric circuit breaker 1941

https://www.google.co.uk/patents/US2293487

Pat. Arc Chutes 1956

https://www.google.co.uk/patents/US2911505

Pat. Arc Chute Plates (1970)

https://www.google.co.uk/patents/US3641293

Siemens Arc Fault Detection

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uAorINs1DAM

Siemens North American circuit breaker self study course

(link no longer available) https://www.industry.usa.siemens.com/services/us/en/industry-services/training/self-study-courses/quick-step-courses/Documents/circuit_breakers.pdf

Circuit Breaker

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Circuit_breaker#Low-voltage_circuit_breaker

Arc Detection

http://www.zlan.com/arc.htm

Waveforms

http://www.zlan.com/waveforms.htm

Pat. Arc Fault device tester (2001)

https://www.google.co.uk/patents/US6466029

Pat. GFI & AFCI (1993)

https://www.google.co.uk/patents/US5459630

Pat. GFI (1970)

https://www.google.co.uk/patents/US3636482

Pat. Electronic GFCI (1983)

https://www.google.co.uk/patents/US4574324

Arc fault demonstration

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6rzSGL5lMog

Contains high speed footage of arc flash. (Ignore the marketing rubbish)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=850aO98OAyI

Pat. Arcing fault detector (1982)

https://www.google.co.uk/patents/US4658322

Pat. Arc detection system (1992)

https://www.google.co.uk/patents/US5280404

Pat. Arc fault detector with circuit interrupter(1997)

https://www.google.co.uk/patents/US6088205

Pdf history of AFCI by Siemens

http://w3.usa.siemens.com/us/internet-dms/btlv/residential/residential/docs_AFIC Circuit Protection/SIE_WP_AFCI_History.pdf

From Post: Finding a Neutral to Earth fault.



Insulation Resistance Test

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YjFmfRzb8SM

Resetting your RCD on your consumer unit

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f8mpFOYNE7o

Ring Final test

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mA9lIMO0LGU

Ring Mains

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ring_circuit bink

From Post: The pain of a Neutral to Earth fault.



The Electrician's Guide. Chapter: Earthing

http://www.tlc-direct.co.uk/Book/5.1.1.htm

The Electrician's Guide Danger of bad earth

https://www.tlc-direct.co.uk/Book/5.1.3.htm

From Post: What are ELCB, RCCB, RCBO and RCD's?



Residual  Current Devices 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Residual-current_device

ELCB and VOELCB

http://electrical-engineering-portal.com/working-principle-of-earth-leakage-circuit-breaker-elcb-and-residual-current-device-rcd
Variety of MCBs

http://talk.electricianforum.co.uk/topic/3970-interchangeable-mcbs-rcds-etc-what-fits/?page=4
YouTube video of RCBO for Australian market

https://youtu.be/3l3-tfPIxAA
Are different brands of mcb interchangeable?

http://www.homeownershub.com/uk-diy/are-different-brands-of-mcb-interchangeable-592719-.htm
Consumer unit Device interchangeability

http://wiki.diyfaq.org.uk/index.php/Consumer_unit#Device_interchangeability

From article: Power Factor



How to derive the RMS of a sinewavehttp://www.rfcafe.com/references/electrical/sinewave-voltage-conversion.htm 

rms-triangle-waveform

http://masteringelectronicsdesign.com/how-to-derive-the-rms-value-of-a-triangle-waveform/

rms-square-waveforms

http://masteringelectronicsdesign.com/how-to-derive-the-rms-value-of-pulse-and-square-waveforms/

Mains electricity by country

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mains_electricity_by_country

The Electricity Safety, Regulations 2002:

http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2002/2665/regulation/27/made

Lecture - 15 Power Factor:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7S22cJ_aF9M

Measurement and analysis of harmonics and flicker

http://www.ieee.li/pdf/viewgraphs/harmonics.pdf

IEC EN 61000-3-2

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEC_EN_61000-3-2

Table of integrals

http://integral-table.com/downloads/single-page-integral-table.pdf

Trigonometric identities

http://www.mathwords.com/t/trig_identities.htm

Excellent tutorial on impedence and related calculations

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FEERuJlwBxE

Form post: Efficiency Vs Efficacy



Efficiency

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Efficiency

Efficiency

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrical_efficiency

Luminous_efficacy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luminous_efficacy

Carbontrust, display lighting

http://www.carbontrust.com/media/147025/ctg010_display_lighting_aw.pdf

Energysavingtrust Lighting products

http://www.energysavingtrust.org.uk/Electricity/Lighting/Lighting-products#Trad

From article: Halogen



Periodic Table (excellent)

http://www.ptable.com/

Halogen Cycle in Globe

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nEax2SQExN0

Electric incandescent lamp

(1930)  http://www.google.com/patents/US1925857

Electric incandescent lamp

(1958)  http://www.google.com/patents/US2883571

Incandescent lamp including a fluorine gas

(1963) http://www.google.com/patents/US3311777

Regenerative cycle electric incandescent lamp

(1965) http://www.google.com/patents/US3418512

Bromine regenerative cycle incandescent lamps

(1967)  http://www.google.com/patents/US3431448

Halogen regenerative cycle incandescent lamp

(1967) http://www.google.com/patents/US3453476

Tungsten halogen lamp

(1970)  http://www.google.com/patents/US364138

Museum of Electric Light Technology

http://www.lamptech.co.uk/index.html

From article: Genesis of incandescent filament and halogen bulbs



1870s Limelight Magic Lantern 2 Barrel Theatrical

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7eET7_itnjk

Incandescent_light_bulb

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Incandescent_light_bulb

Electric incandescent lamp

(1930)  http://www.google.com/patents/US1925857

Origin of Earths atmosphere

http://www.ux1.eiu.edu/~cfjps/1400/atmos_origin.html

Electric incandescent lamp

(1937) http://www.google.com/patents/US2275674

The Edison Center

http://www.edisontechcenter.org/incandescent.html

From article: Technical lighting terms



Gas mantle

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gas_mantle

Electroluminescence EL_Printing.avi

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r_D01D0qFYw

Bioluminescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bioluminescent

Fluorescent plankton at night

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7kyP0XsF0zM

Candoluminescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Candoluminescence

Emission spectrum of elements

http://chemistry.bd.psu.edu/jircitano/periodic4.html

Candoluminescence patent

(1898) http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US614556

Candoluminescence patent

(1983) http://www.google.co.uk/patents/US4532073

Black Body

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_body

Black-Body Radiation

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_body_radiation

Limelight

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EXl6H7G6BMU

Chemoluminescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemoluminescence

Chemiluminescence - 25 glow sticks worth

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XXoDvUkV3Uk

Fluorescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluorescence

Short and Long wave UV

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CyYT7n1z2Ks

Incandescent

http://www.edisontechcenter.org/incandescent

Phosphorescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phosphorescence

Green Laser Target - Phosphorescent Material

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tXgAUCAACIA

Photoluminescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photoluminescence

photoluminescent paint for floorsUK

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EqWmnPoRrYU

Fractoluminescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fractoluminescence

Mechanoluminescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mechanoluminescence

Piezoluminescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piezoluminescence

Sonoluminescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonoluminescence

Triboluminescence

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triboluminescence

A Demonstration of Triboluminescence by
bullet fired at sugar cube


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZLTNNBY1b_E

How Fluorescence Works - The Science

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CcssdJf0pKQ